The article about the PC’s Heat Sink - Fan Wind Cooling
The Biggest and the most prevailing concern in the modern computer is the generation of unwanted heat and its extensive damage to the IC/CPUs. Thankfully, this pain has been lessened to some extent owing to Heat sink technology.
Laptops are much more exposed to the problem of CPU heat than desktops and this is because it has a very compact design and too little space between the internal devices which leaves no space for heat to escape anywhere.
Excessive heat on a computer on regular basis can decrease the life span of your costly processor, or even can damage it permanently.
That’s why it has become imperative for any laptop/computer manufacturer to install a heat draining system.
Interestingly, the more powerful a processor becomes, the more heat it generates. It is very puzzling to learn that our smartphone processors are also affected by the same problem.
If you are not living on stone, you must have heard of the term ‘CPU-Heat Sink’. Do you know why do we need this and how it actually works?
It is as very important for your laptop/computer to remain cool for long lasting performance. Just as your car has a cooling system, there is a temperature moderator for your laptop called CPU-Heat Sink. The main aim of this system is to dissipate the heat from important devices such as CPU, Graphics cards, etc. to the air surrounding.
Let’s Know How It Refrigerates Your PC
Today, we have plentiful of methods to drain all the heat from a computer such as Heat spreader, Heat sink by fins, Heat Pipes, Water Coolers, etc.
A computer may have either one of these cooling systems or a combination of these. It totally depends on what cooling methods you need and your manufacturer will follow your requirement and do it.
Generally, these heat sinks are affixed on the top of the processors, so that it can carry the heat away from the components. These heat sinks are joined to the CPU with the help of Thermal paste, thermal paste is the material that the color is gray and it’s never dry after usage for lone time, it can play a role in refrigerating the heat for a few rates of heat and prevent the CPU heat pipe heat sink from oxidation. So mostly the computer master are going to put some of paste in the surface of CPU so it can touch the heat sink with processor.
Heat Spreader: This is a very basic type of heat releasing method. The fundamental principal that we use here is the conduction of heat by metal, which you must have learned in schools.
Metals are attached to the head of your processor or graphics cards which will transfer the heat from inside of the device to the outer chamber with the help of thermal interface material.
This is indeed effective method for small sized and basic devices if used with largely sized spreaders.
Finned or Pinned heat pipe heat sink: Using the same principal, here we are going to transmit the heat with the help of a heat pipes; however, in this case, we are not only using an elementary plate but a attached with fins or pins.
When the heat spreader metal is used as fins/pins, they absolutely increase the surface area of the metal. As the surface area increases the heat dispersion rate increase precipitously. This type of aluminum heat pipe heat sink is generally used on mostly every computer motherboards, which mainly used for the CPU or IC.
It generally needs a commodious room to install. Additionally, this type of heat sink is more expensive in costs, but its cooling effect is more reliable and obvious.
Heat Pipe Sink: This is indeed the most expensive, the most space taking, and the most efficient heat sinking method ever made.
There are two reasons to it, the first one is that it is the most evolved heat sinking system and the second one is that, it has a vapor chamber heat sinking technology which is considered to be the best fix for checking heat inside your computer.
Heat pipes are generally made of Copper/Aluminum wall which comprises a fluid which changes its state from liquid to gas and then gas to liquid constantly.
This combination also includes fins attached with fans. In a similar manner, these pipes are too attached to the devices such as CPU, Graphics cards, etc. which emit a lot of heat.
The CPU transfers the heat to the fluid easily, consequently the fluid gains a lot of heat energy and changes its state to gaseous.
When this gas reaches the fins, it releases the heat to fins and condensed again into the liquid state. Side by side the fan does its work by releasing the heat from fins.
This process goes on continuously just like the mobile oil inside your car engine.
Alright, above is the wind cooling that for the detailed introduction, wish you can enjoy and better understandable for the working principle of PC computer cooling system, next time we are going to introduce another way of cooling methods, that is the liquid cooling which the one of best cooling way for refrigerating the high advanced computers.